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This document includes House Committee Amendments incorporated into the bill on Fri, Jan 28, 2005 at 11:00 AM by ddonat. --> This document includes House Floor Amendments incorporated into the bill on Wed, Feb 9, 2005 at 9:19 AM by chopkin. --> 1
6 LONG TITLE
7 General Description:
8 This bill modifies the Occupations and Professions Code by enacting the Direct-entry
9 Midwife Act and makes related changes to the Health Care Providers Immunity from
10 Liability Act.
11 Highlighted Provisions:
12 This bill:
13 . provides for licensing of Direct-entry midwives by the Division of Occupational and
14 Professional Licensing;
15 . provides for definitions relating to the practice of Direct-entry midwifery;
16 . creates the Licensed Direct-entry Midwife Board and sets forth its membership and
18 . requires the division to establish a Licensed Direct-entry Midwife Formulary
19 Committee and a licensed Direct-entry midwife formulary to define which
20 prescription drugs can be obtained and administered by licensed Direct-entry
21 midwives and to provide guidelines for their use;
22 . provides for disciplinary action, including administrative penalties, against licensed
23 Direct-entry midwives;
24 . defines and provides penalties for unlawful and unprofessional conduct;
25 . sets standards for consultation with, collaboration with, referral to, and transfer to
26 other health care providers and sets standards for liability under those
27 circumstances; and
28 . brings licensed Direct-entry midwives within the scope of the Health Care Providers
29 Immunity From Liability Act.
30 Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
32 Other Special Clauses:
34 Utah Code Sections Affected:
36 58-13-2, as last amended by Chapter 3, Laws of Utah 2003
37 58-13-3, as last amended by Chapter 207, Laws of Utah 2003
38 78-14-3, as last amended by Chapter 280, Laws of Utah 2004
40 58-77-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
41 58-77-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
42 58-77-201, Utah Code Annotated 1953
43 58-77-202, Utah Code Annotated 1953
44 58-77-203, Utah Code Annotated 1953
45 58-77-301, Utah Code Annotated 1953
46 58-77-302, Utah Code Annotated 1953
47 58-77-303, Utah Code Annotated 1953
48 58-77-304, Utah Code Annotated 1953
49 58-77-401, Utah Code Annotated 1953
50 58-77-501, Utah Code Annotated 1953
51 58-77-502, Utah Code Annotated 1953
52 58-77-503, Utah Code Annotated 1953
53 58-77-601, Utah Code Annotated 1953
54 58-77-602, Utah Code Annotated 1953
55 58-77-603, Utah Code Annotated 1953
57 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
58 Section 1. Section 58-13-2 is amended to read:
59 58-13-2. Emergency care rendered by licensee.
60 (1) A person licensed under Title 58, Occupations and Professions, to practice as any
61 of the following health care professionals, who is under no legal duty to respond, and who in
62 good faith renders emergency care at the scene of an emergency gratuitously and in good faith,
63 is not liable for any civil damages as a result of any acts or omissions by the person in
64 rendering the emergency care:
65 (a) osteopathic physician;
66 (b) physician and surgeon;
67 (c) naturopathic physician;
68 (d) dentist or dental hygienist;
69 (e) chiropractic physician;
70 (f) physician assistant;
71 (g) optometrist;
72 (h) nurse licensed under Section 58-31b-301 or 58-31c-102 ;
73 (i) podiatrist;
74 (j) certified nurse midwife;
75 (k) respiratory therapist; [
76 (l) pharmacist, pharmacy technician, and pharmacy intern[
77 (m) Direct-entry midwife licensed under Section 58-77-301 .
78 (2) (a) This Subsection (2) applies to health care professionals:
79 (i) described in Subsection (1);
80 (ii) who are under no legal duty to respond to the circumstances described in
81 Subsection (2)(b);
82 (iii) who are acting within the scope of the health care professional's license, or within
83 the scope of practice as modified under Subsection 58-1-307 (4); and
84 (iv) who are acting in good faith without compensation or remuneration as defined in
85 Subsection 58-13-3 (2).
86 (b) A health care professional described in Subsection (2)(a) is not liable for any civil
87 damages as a result of any acts or omissions by the health care professional in rendering care as
88 a result of:
89 (i) implementation of measures to control the causes of epidemic and communicable
90 diseases and other conditions significantly affecting the public health or necessary to protect
91 the public health as set out in Title 26A, Chapter 1, Local Health Departments;
92 (ii) investigating and controlling suspected bioterrorism and disease as set out in Title
93 26, Chapter 23b, Detection of Public Health Emergencies Act; and
94 (iii) responding to a national, state, or local emergency, a public health emergency as
95 defined in Section 26-23b-102 , or a declaration by the President of the United States or other
96 federal official requesting public health-related activities.
97 (3) The immunity in Subsection (2) is in addition to any immunity or protection in state
98 or federal law that may apply.
99 Section 2. Section 58-13-3 is amended to read:
100 58-13-3. Qualified immunity -- Health professionals -- Charity care.
101 (1) (a) (i) The Legislature finds many residents of this state do not receive medical care
102 and preventive health care because they lack health insurance or because of financial
103 difficulties or cost.
104 (ii) The Legislature also finds that many physicians, charity health care facilities, and
105 other health care professionals in this state would be willing to volunteer medical and allied
106 services without compensation if they were not subject to the high exposure of liability
107 connected with providing these services.
108 (b) The Legislature therefore declares that its intention in enacting this section is to
109 encourage the provision of uncompensated volunteer charity health care in exchange for a
110 limitation on liability for the health care facilities and health care professionals who provide
111 those volunteer services.
112 (2) As used in this section:
113 (a) "Health care facility" means any clinic or hospital, church, or organization whose
114 primary purpose is to sponsor, promote, or organize uncompensated health care services for
115 people unable to pay for health care services.
116 (b) "Health care professional" means individuals licensed under Title 58, Occupations
117 and Professions, as physicians and surgeons, osteopaths, podiatrists, optometrists,
118 chiropractors, dentists, dental hygienists, registered nurses, certified nurse midwives, [
119 other nurses licensed under Section 58-31b-301 [
120 (c) "Remuneration or compensation":
121 (i) (A) means direct or indirect receipt of any payment by the physician and surgeon,
122 health care facility, other health care professional, or organization, on behalf of the patient,
123 including payment or reimbursement under medicare or medicaid, or under the state program
124 for the medically indigent on behalf of the patient; and
125 (B) compensation, salary, or reimbursement to the health care professional from any
126 source for the health care professional's services or time in volunteering to provide
127 uncompensated health care; and
128 (ii) does not mean any grant or donation to the health care facility used to offset direct
129 costs associated with providing the uncompensated health care such as medical supplies or
131 (3) A health care professional who provides health care treatment at or on behalf of a
132 health care facility is not liable in a medical malpractice action if:
133 (a) the treatment was within the scope of the health care professional's license under
134 this title;
135 (b) neither the health care professional nor the health care facility received
136 compensation or remuneration for the treatment;
137 (c) the acts or omissions of the health care professional were not grossly negligent or
138 willful and wanton; and
139 (d) prior to rendering services, the health care professional disclosed in writing to the
140 patient, or if a minor, to the patient's parent or legal guardian, that the health care professional
141 is providing the services without receiving remuneration or compensation and that in exchange
142 for receiving uncompensated health care, the patient consents to waive any right to sue for
143 professional negligence except for acts or omissions which are grossly negligent or are willful
144 and wanton.
145 (4) A health care facility which sponsors, promotes, or organizes the uncompensated
146 care is not liable in a medical malpractice action for acts and omissions if:
147 (a) the health care facility meets the requirements in Subsection (3)(b);
148 (b) the acts and omissions of the health care facility were not grossly negligent or
149 willful and wanton; and
150 (c) the health care facility has posted, in a conspicuous place, a notice that in
151 accordance with this section the health care facility is not liable for any civil damages for acts
152 or omissions except for those acts or omissions that are grossly negligent or are willful and
154 (5) Immunity from liability under this section does not extend to the use of general
155 anesthesia or care that requires an overnight stay in a general acute or specialty hospital
156 licensed under Title 26, Chapter 21, Health Care Facility Licensing and Inspection Act.
157 Section 3. Section 58-77-101 is enacted to read:
160 58-77-101. Title.
161 This chapter is known as the "Direct-entry Midwife Act."
162 Section 4. Section 58-77-102 is enacted to read:
163 58-77-102. Definitions.
164 In addition to the definitions in Section 58-1-102 , as used in this chapter:
165 (1) "Board" means the Licensed Direct-entry Midwife Board created in Section
166 58-77-201 .
167 (2) "Certified nurse-midwife" means a person licensed under Title 58, Chapter 44a,
168 Nurse Midwife Practice Act.
169 (3) "Client" means a woman under the care of a Direct-entry midwife and her fetus or
171 (4) "Direct-entry Midwife" means an individual who is engaging in the practice of
172 Direct-entry midwifery.
173 (5) "Licensed Direct-entry midwife" means a person licensed under this chapter.
174 (6) "Physician" means an individual licensed as a physician and surgeon, osteopathic
175 physician, or naturopathic physician.
176 (7) "Practice of Direct-entry midwifery" means practice H. of providing the necessary
176a supervision, care, and advice to a client during essentially normal pregnancy, labor, delivery,
176b postpartum, and newborn periods .H that is H. [
177 national professional midwifery standards and that is based upon the acquisition of clinical
178 skills necessary for the care of pregnant women and newborns, including antepartum,
179 intrapartum, postpartum, newborn, and limited interconceptual care and includes:
180 (a) obtaining an informed consent to provide services;
181 (b) obtaining a health history, including a physical examination;
182 (c) developing a plan of care for a client;
183 (d) evaluating the results of client care;
184 (e) consulting and collaborating with and referring and transferring care to licensed
185 health care professionals, as is appropriate, regarding the care of a client;
186 (f) obtaining medications, as specified in this Subsection (7)(f) H. [
186a , to administer
187 to clients, including:
188 (i) prescription vitamins;
189 (ii) Rho D immunolglobulin;
190 H. [
192 H. [
192a the delivery of the placenta to minimize blood loss;
193a hemorrhage occurs, in which case the licensed Direct-entry midwife must either consult
193b immediately with a physician licensed under Title 58, Chapter 67, Utah Medical Practice Act,
193c or Title 58, Chapter 68, Utah Osteopathic Medical Practice Act, and initiate transfer, if
193d requested, or if the client's condition does not immediately improve, initiate transfer and notify
193e the local hospital;
195 H. [
195a Subsection (7)(l) .H ;
196 H. [
197 H. [
198 H. [
198b authority to prescribe that medication;
200 Midwife Formulary Committee;
201 (g) obtaining food, food extracts, dietary supplements, as defined by the Federal Food,
202 Drug, and Cosmetic Act, homeopathic remedies, plant substances that are not designated as
203 prescription drugs or controlled substances, and over-the-counter medications to administer to
205 (h) obtaining and using appropriate equipment and devices such as Doppler, blood
206 pressure cuff, phlebotomy supplies, instruments, and sutures;
207 (i) obtaining appropriate screening and testing, including laboratory tests, urinalysis,
208 and ultrasound;
209 (j) managing the antepartum period;
210 (k) managing the intrapartum period including:
211 (i) monitoring and evaluating the condition of mother and fetus;
212 (ii) performing emergency episiotomy; and
213 (iii) delivering in any out-of-hospital setting;
214 (l) managing the postpartum period including H. [
216 lacerations, including the administration of a local anesthetic; H. [
217 (ii) managing hemorrhage, including the administration of anti-hemorrhagic
218 medications or IV fluids;
219 (m) managing the newborn period including:
220 (i) providing care for the newborn, including performing a normal newborn
221 examination; and
222 (ii) resuscitating a newborn;
223 (n) providing limited interconceptual services in order to provide continuity of care
225 (i) breastfeeding support and counseling;
226 (ii) family planning, limited to natural family planning, cervical caps, and diaphragms;
228 (iii) pap smears, where all clients with abnormal results are to be referred to an
229 appropriate licensed health care provider; and
230 (o) executing the orders of a licensed health care professional, only within the
231 education, knowledge, and skill of the Direct-entry midwife.
232 (8) "Unlawful conduct" is as defined in Sections 58-1-501 and 58-77-501 .
233 (9) "Unprofessional conduct" is as defined in Sections 58-1-501 and 58-77-502 and as
234 may be further defined by rule.
235 Section 5. Section 58-77-201 is enacted to read:
237 58-77-201. Board.
238 (1) There is created the Licensed Direct-entry Midwife Board consisting of four
239 licensed Direct-entry midwives and one member of the general public.
240 (2) The board shall be appointed and serve in accordance with Section 58-1-201 .
241 (3) (a) The duties and responsibilities of the board shall be in accordance with Sections
242 58-1-202 and 58-1-203 .
243 (b) The board shall designate one of its members on a permanent or rotating basis to:
244 (i) assist the division in reviewing complaints concerning the unlawful or
245 unprofessional conduct of a licensed Direct-entry midwife; and
246 (ii) advise the division in its investigation of these complaints.
246a H. (c)(i) For the years 2006 through 2011, the board shall present an annual report to
246b the Legislature's Health and Human Services Interim Committee describing the outcome data
246c of licensed Direct-entry midwives practicing in Utah.
246d (ii) The board shall base its report on data provided in large part from the
246e Midwives'Alliance of North America. .H
247 (4) A board member who has, under Subsection (3), reviewed a complaint or advised
248 in its investigation may be disqualified from participating with the board when the board serves
249 as a presiding officer in an adjudicative proceeding concerning the complaint.
250 (5) Qualified faculty, board members, and other staff of Direct-entry midwifery
251 learning institutions may serve as one or more of the licensed Directed-entry midwives on the
253 Section 6. Section 58-77-202 is enacted to read:
254 58-77-202. Licensed Direct-entry Midwife Formulary Committee -- Adoption of
255 licensed Direct-entry midwife formulary.
256 (1) The division shall establish a Licensed Direct-entry Midwife Formulary Committee
257 under Subsection 58-1-203 (1)(f) to make recommendations to the board and the division
258 regarding which additional prescription drugs are appropriate for the scope of practice of
259 licensed Direct-entry midwives and guidelines for their use.
260 (2) The committee shall consist of five members as follows:
261 (a) two licensed Direct-entry midwives;
262 (b) one licensed physician who has professional experience consulting for and
263 collaborating with Direct-entry midwives;
264 (c) one certified nurse midwife who has professional experience consulting for and
265 collaborating with Direct-entry midwives; and
266 (d) one licensed pharmacist.
267 (3) The committee members shall:
268 (a) be appointed by the director of the division; and
269 (b) serve without compensation, travel costs, or per diem for their services.
270 (4) In accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, the
271 division shall adopt by rule a licensed Direct-entry midwife formulary which includes:
272 (a) those additional prescription drugs which may be obtained and administered by
273 licensed Direct-entry midwives as defined in Subsection 58-77-102 (7)(f)(xi); and
274 (b) standards, conditions, and guidelines for use of the prescription drugs included in
275 the formulary.
276 Section 7. Section 58-77-203 is enacted to read:
277 58-77-203. Licensed Direct-entry Midwife Temporary Rules Committee -- Rules
279 (1) The division shall establish a Licensed Direct-entry Midwife Temporary Rules
280 Committee under this section to make recommendations to the board and division regarding
281 the condition types listed in Subsection 58-77-601 (2).
282 (2) The committee shall consist of the following six members appointed by the director
283 of the division:
284 (a) three Direct-entry midwives;
285 (b) one licensed physician who has professional experience consulting for and
286 collaborating with Direct-entry midwives;
287 (c) one certified nurse midwife who has professional experience consulting for and
288 collaborating with Direct-entry midwives; and
289 (d) a licensed physician or certified nurse midwife who has practiced obstetrics or
290 midwifery in an out-of-hospital setting.
291 (3) The director of the division shall appoint one of the three Direct-entry midwives to
292 serve as committee chair.
293 (4) Committee members shall serve without compensation and may not receive travel
294 costs or per diem for their services on the committee.
295 (5) Qualified committee members may also serve on the Licensed Direct-entry
296 Midwife Formulary Committee and the Licensed Direct-entry Midwife Board established
297 under this chapter.
298 (6) The director shall make appointments to the committee by July 1, 2005, and the
299 committee shall cease to function after March 31, 2006.
300 (7) (a) The committee shall recommend rules under Subsection (1) based on
301 convincing evidence presented to the committee.
302 (b) At least four members must vote in the affirmative on any recommendation made
303 by the committee to the board or the division.
304 (c) If the committee is unable to complete its recommendations by March 31, 2006, it
305 shall develop a recommended plan of action which, along with its work product and
306 responsibilities, shall be transferred to the board on April 1, 2006.
307 Section 8. Section 58-77-301 is enacted to read:
309 58-77-301. Licensure.
310 The division shall issue to a person who qualifies under this chapter a license as a
311 licensed Direct-entry midwife.
312 Section 9. Section 58-77-302 is enacted to read:
313 58-77-302. Qualifications for licensure.
314 Each applicant for licensure as a licensed Direct-entry midwife shall:
315 (1) submit an application in a form prescribed by the division;
316 (2) pay a fee as determined by the department under Section 63-38-3.2 ;
317 (3) be of good moral character;
318 (4) hold a Certified Professional Midwife certificate in good standing with the North
319 American Registry of Midwives or equivalent certification approved by the division in
320 collaboration with the board;
321 (5) hold current adult and infant CPR and newborn resuscitation certifications through
322 an organization approved by the division in collaboration with the board; and
323 (6) provide documentation of successful completion of an approved pharmacology
324 course as defined by division rule.
325 Section 10. Section 58-77-303 is enacted to read:
326 58-77-303. Term of license -- Expiration -- Renewal.
327 (1) (a) The division shall issue each license under this chapter in accordance with a
328 two-year renewal cycle established by rule.
329 (b) The division may by rule extend or shorten a renewal period by as much as one year
330 to stagger the renewal cycles it administers.
331 (2) Each license automatically expires on the expiration date shown on the license
332 unless the individual renews it in accordance with Section 58-1-308 .
333 (3) At the time of renewal, the licensed Direct-entry midwife shall be in current
334 compliance with the requirements of Section 58-77-302 .
335 Section 11. Section 58-77-304 is enacted to read:
336 58-77-304. Parents' rights.
337 Nothing in this chapter abridges, limits, or changes in any way the right of parents to
338 deliver their baby where, when, how, and with whom they choose, regardless of licensure
339 under this chapter.
340 Section 12. Section 58-77-401 is enacted to read:
342 58-77-401. Grounds for denial of license -- Disciplinary proceedings.
343 Grounds for refusing to issue a license to an applicant, for refusing to renew a license,
344 for revoking, suspending, restricting, or placing on probation a license, for issuing a public or
345 private reprimand, and for issuing a cease and desist order shall be in accordance with Section
346 58-1-401 .
347 Section 13. Section 58-77-501 is enacted to read:
349 58-77-501. Unlawful conduct.
350 (1) In addition to the definition in Subsection 58-1-501 (1), "unlawful conduct"
352 (a) representing or holding oneself out as a licensed Direct-entry midwife when not
353 licensed under this chapter; and
354 (b) using prescription medications, except oxygen, while engaged in the practice of
355 Direct-entry midwifery when not licensed under this chapter.
356 (2) (a) Except as provided in Subsections (1)(a) and (b), it is lawful to practice
357 Direct-entry midwifery in the state without being licensed under this chapter.
358 (b) The practice of Direct-entry midwifery is not considered the practice of medicine,
359 nursing, or nurse-midwifery.
360 Section 14. Section 58-77-502 is enacted to read:
361 58-77-502. Unprofessional conduct.
362 In addition to the definition in Subsection 58-1-501 (2), "unprofessional conduct"
364 (1) failing to obtain informed consent as described in Subsection 58-77-601 (1);
365 (2) disregarding a client's dignity or right to privacy as to her person, condition,
366 possessions, or medical record;
367 (3) failing to file or record any medical report as required by law, impeding, or
368 obstructing the filing or recording of the report, or inducing another to fail to file or record the
370 (4) breaching a statutory, common law, regulatory, or ethical requirement of
371 confidentiality with respect to a person who is a client, unless ordered by the court;
372 (5) inappropriately delegating Direct-entry midwifery duties;
373 (6) using advertising or an identification statement that is false, misleading, or
375 (7) using in combination with the term "midwife" the term "nurse" or another title,
376 initial, or designation that falsely implies that the Direct-entry midwife is licensed as a certified
377 nurse midwife, registered nurse, or licensed practical nurse; and
378 (8) submitting a birth certificate known by the person to be false or fraudulent.
379 Section 15. Section 58-77-503 is enacted to read:
380 58-77-503. Penalty for unlawful conduct.
381 A person who violates the unlawful conduct provisions defined in this chapter is guilty
382 of a class A misdemeanor.
383 Section 16. Section 58-77-601 is enacted to read:
385 58-77-601. Standards of practice.
386 (1) (a) Prior to providing any services, a licensed Direct-entry midwife must obtain an
387 informed consent from a client.
388 (b) The consent must include:
389 (i) the name and license number of the Direct-entry midwife;
390 (ii) the client's name, address, telephone number, and primary care provider, if the
391 client has one;
392 (iii) the fact, if true, that the licensed Direct-entry midwife is not a certified nurse
393 midwife or a physician;
394 (iv) all sections required by the North American Registry of Midwives in its informed
395 consent guidelines, including:
396 (A) a description of the licensed Direct-entry midwife's education, training, continuing
397 education, and experience in midwifery;
398 (B) a description of the licensed Direct-entry midwife's peer review process;
399 (C) the licensed Direct-entry midwife's philosophy of practice;
400 (D) a promise to provide the client, upon request, separate documents describing the
401 rules governing licensed Direct-entry midwifery practice, including a list of conditions
402 indicating the need for consultation, collaboration, referral, transfer or H. [
402a mandatory .H transfer, and
403 the licensed Direct-entry midwife's personal written practice guidelines;
404 (E) a medical back-up or transfer plan;
405 (F) a description of the services provided to the client by the licensed Direct-entry
407 (G) the licensed Direct-entry midwife's current legal status;
408 (H) the availability of a grievance process; and
409 (I) client and licensed Direct-entry midwife signatures and the date of signing; and
410 (v) whether the licensed Direct-entry midwife is covered by a professional liability
411 insurance policy.
412 (2) A licensed Direct-entry midwife shall appropriately recommend and facilitate
413 consultation with, collaboration with, referral to, or transfer or H. [
413a mandatory .H transfer of care to a
414 licensed health care professional when the circumstances require that action in accordance with
415 standards established by division rule.
416 (3) If after a client has been informed that she has or may have a condition indicating
417 the need for medical consultation, collaboration, referral, or transfer and the client chooses to
418 decline, then the licensed Direct-entry midwife shall:
419 (a) terminate care in accordance with procedures established by division rule; or
420 (b) continue to provide care for the client if the client signs a waiver of medical
421 consultation, collaboration, referral, or transfer.
422 (4) If after a client has been informed that she has or may have a condition indicating
423 the need for H. [
423a H., in accordance with procedures established by division rule, terminate the care or .H
423b initiate transfer by:
424 (a) calling 911 and reporting the need for immediate transfer;
425 (b) immediately transporting the client by private vehicle to the receiving provider; or
426 (c) contacting the physician to whom the client will be transferred and following that
427 physician's orders.
427a H. (5) For the period from 2006 through 2011, a licensed Direct-entry midwife must submit
427b outcome data to the Midwives's Alliance of North America's Division of Research on the
427c form and in the manner prescribed by rule. .H
428 H. [
429 Section 17. Section 58-77-602 is enacted to read:
430 58-77-602. Immunity and liability.
431 (1) If a Direct-entry midwife seeks to consult with, refer, or transfer a client to a
432 licensed health care provider or facility, the responsibility of the provider or facility for the
433 client does not begin until the client is physically within the care of the provider or facility.
434 (2) A licensed health care provider who examines a Direct-entry midwife's client is
435 only liable for the actual examination and cannot be held accountable for the client's decision to
436 pursue an out-of-hospital birth or the services of a Direct-entry midwife.
437 (3) (a) A licensed health care provider may, upon receiving a briefing data from a
438 Direct-entry midwife, issue a medical order for the Direct-entry midwife's client, without that
439 client being an explicit patient of the provider.
440 (b) Regardless of the advice given or order issued, the responsibility and liability for
441 caring for the client is that of the Direct-entry midwife.
442 (c) The provider giving the order is responsible and liable only for the appropriateness
443 of the order given the data received.
444 (d) The issuing of an order for a Direct-entry midwife's client does not constitute a
445 delegation of duties from the other provider to the Direct-entry midwife.
445a H. (4) A licensed health care provider may not be held civilly liable for rendering
445b emergency medical services that arise from prohibited conduct in Section 57-77-603, or from
445c care rendered under a waiver as specififed in Subsection 58-77-601(3)(b), unless the emergency
445d medical services constitute gross negligence or reckless disregard for the client.
445e (5) A licensed Direct-entry midwife shall be solely responsible for the use of medications
445f under this chapter. .H
446 Section 18. Section 58-77-603 is enacted to read:
447 58-77-603. Prohibited practices.
448 A Direct-entry midwife may not:
449 (1) administer a prescription drug to a client H. [
449a in a manner that violates this chapter;
451 (2) effect any type of surgical delivery except for the cutting of an emergency
453 (3) administer any type of epidural, spinal, or caudal anesthetic, or any type of narcotic
454 analgesia; H. [
454a (4) use forceps or a vacuum extractor;
454b (5) manually remove the placenta, except in an emergency that presents an immediate
454c threat to the life of the client; or .H
455 H. [
456 Section 19. Section 78-14-3 is amended to read:
457 78-14-3. Definitions.
458 As used in this chapter:
459 (1) "Audiologist" means a person licensed to practice audiology under Title 58,
460 Chapter 41, Speech-language Pathology and Audiology Licensing Act.
461 (2) "Certified social worker" means a person licensed to practice as a certified social
462 worker under Section 58-60-205 .
463 (3) "Chiropractic physician" means a person licensed to practice chiropractic under
464 Title 58, Chapter 73, Chiropractic Physician Practice Act.
465 (4) "Clinical social worker" means a person licensed to practice as a clinical social
466 worker under Section 58-60-205 .
467 (5) "Commissioner" means the commissioner of insurance as provided in Section
468 31A-2-102 .
469 (6) "Dental hygienist" means a person licensed to practice dental hygiene as defined in
470 Section 58-69-102 .
471 (7) "Dentist" means a person licensed to practice dentistry as defined in Section
472 58-69-102 .
473 (8) "Division" means the Division of Occupational and Professional Licensing created
474 in Section 58-1-103 .
475 (9) "Future damages" includes damages for future medical treatment, care or custody,
476 loss of future earnings, loss of bodily function, or future pain and suffering of the judgment
478 (10) "Health care" means any act or treatment performed or furnished, or which should
479 have been performed or furnished, by any health care provider for, to, or on behalf of a patient
480 during the patient's medical care, treatment, or confinement.
481 (11) "Health care facility" means general acute hospitals, specialty hospitals, home
482 health agencies, hospices, nursing care facilities, assisted living facilities, birthing centers,
483 ambulatory surgical facilities, small health care facilities, health care facilities owned or
484 operated by health maintenance organizations, and end stage renal disease facilities.
485 (12) "Health care provider" includes any person, partnership, association, corporation,
486 or other facility or institution who causes to be rendered or who renders health care or
487 professional services as a hospital, health care facility, physician, registered nurse, licensed
488 practical nurse, nurse-midwife, licensed Direct-entry midwife, dentist, dental hygienist,
489 optometrist, clinical laboratory technologist, pharmacist, physical therapist, podiatric
490 physician, psychologist, chiropractic physician, naturopathic physician, osteopathic physician,
491 osteopathic physician and surgeon, audiologist, speech-language pathologist, clinical social
492 worker, certified social worker, social service worker, marriage and family counselor,
493 practitioner of obstetrics, or others rendering similar care and services relating to or arising out
494 of the health needs of persons or groups of persons and officers, employees, or agents of any of
495 the above acting in the course and scope of their employment.
496 (13) "Hospital" means a public or private institution licensed under Title 26, Chapter
497 21, Health Care Facility Licensing and Inspection Act.
498 (14) "Licensed Direct-entry midwife" means a person licensed under the Direct-entry
499 Midwife Act to practice midwifery as defined in Section 58-77-102 .
501 practical nurse as provided in Section 58-31b-301 .
503 a health care provider, whether in contract, tort, breach of warranty, wrongful death, or
504 otherwise, based upon alleged personal injuries relating to or arising out of health care rendered
505 or which should have been rendered by the health care provider.
507 marriage therapist or family therapist under Sections 58-60-305 and 58-60-405 .
509 as defined in Section 58-71-102 .
511 midwife under Section 58-44a-301 .
513 Chapter 16a, Utah Optometry Practice Act.
515 under Title 58, Chapter 68, Utah Osteopathic Medical Practice Act.
517 under a contract, express or implied.
519 Section 58-17b-301 .
521 under Title 58, Chapter 24a, Physical Therapist Practice Act.
523 Title 58, Chapter 67, Utah Medical Practice Act.
525 Title 58, Chapter 5a, Podiatric Physician Licensing Act.
527 physician in this state under Title 58, Chapter 67, Utah Medical Practice Act, or under Title 58,
528 Chapter 68, Utah Osteopathic Medical Practice Act.
530 Psychologist Licensing Act, to practice psychology as defined in Section 58-61-102 .
532 as provided in Section 58-31b-301 .
534 attorney-in-fact, or other legal agent of the patient.
536 service worker under Section 58-60-205 .
538 speech-language pathology under Title 58, Chapter 41, Speech-language Pathology and
539 Audiology Licensing Act.
541 or omission proximately causing injury or damage to another.
Legislative Review Note
as of 12-7-04 8:41 AM
Based on a limited legal review, this legislation has not been determined to have a high
probability of being held unconstitutional.