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H.B. 185 Enrolled
This bill amends the Utah Computer Crimes Act.
. amends the definition of "computer network" in the Utah Computer Crimes Act to
include wireless networks;
. amends the definition of "computer" in the Utah Computer Crimes Act
. clarifies prohibited conduct under the Utah Computer Crimes Act; and
. makes technical changes.
Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
Other Special Clauses:
Utah Code Sections Affected:
76-6-702, as last amended by Chapter 300, Laws of Utah 1997
76-6-703, as last amended by Chapter 300, Laws of Utah 1997
Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
Section 1. Section 76-6-702 is amended to read:
As used in this part:
(1) "Access" means to directly or indirectly use, attempt to use, instruct, communicate
with, cause input to, cause output from, or otherwise make use of any resources of a computer,
computer system, computer network, or any means of communication with any of them.
(2) "Authorization" means having the express or implied consent or permission of the
owner, or of the person authorized by the owner to give consent or permission to access a
computer, computer system, or computer network in a manner not exceeding the consent or
(3) "Computer" means any electronic device or communication facility [
(4) "Computer system" means a set of related, connected or unconnected, devices,
software, or other related computer equipment.
(5) "Computer network" means:
(a) the interconnection of communication or telecommunication lines between:
(i) computers; or
(ii) computers and remote terminals[
(b) the interconnection by wireless technology between:
(i) computers; or
(ii) computers and remote terminals.
(6) "Computer property" includes[
electronically produced data, information, financial instruments, software, or programs, in either
machine or human readable form, any other tangible or intangible item relating to a computer,
computer system, computer network, and copies of any of them.
(7) "Confidential" means data, text, or computer property that is protected by a security
system that clearly evidences that the owner or custodian intends that it not be available to others
without the owner's or custodian's permission.
(8) "Information" does not include information obtained:
(a) through use of:
(i) an electronic product identification or tracking system; or
(ii) other technology used by a retailer to identify, track, or price goods; and
(b) by a retailer through the use of equipment designed to read the electronic product
identification or tracking system data located within the retailer's location.
(a) licenses, certificates, and permits granted by governments;
(b) degrees, diplomas, and grades awarded by educational institutions;
(c) military ranks, grades, decorations, and awards;
(d) membership and standing in organizations and religious institutions;
(e) certification as a peace officer;
(f) credit reports; and
(g) another record or datum upon which a person may be reasonably expected to rely in
making decisions that will have a direct benefit or detriment to another.
property that has some form of access control technology implemented, such as encryption,
password protection, other forced authentication, or access control designed to keep out
and storage functions.
money order, certificate of deposit, letter of credit, bill of exchange, electronic fund transfer,
automated clearing house transaction, credit card, or marketable security.
form acceptable to a computer, relating to the operations of the computer, or permitting the
functioning of a computer system in a manner designed to provide results including[
Section 2. Section 76-6-703 is amended to read:
76-6-703. Computer crimes and penalties.
(1) A person who without authorization gains or attempts to gain access to and alters,
damages, destroys, discloses, or modifies any computer, computer network, computer property,
computer system, computer program, computer data or software, and thereby causes damage to
another, or obtains money, property, information, or a benefit for any person without legal right,
is guilty of:
(a) a class B misdemeanor when:
(i) the damage caused or the value of the money, property, or benefit obtained or sought
to be obtained is less than $300; or
(ii) the information obtained is not confidential;
(b) a class A misdemeanor when the damage caused or the value of the money, property,
or benefit obtained or sought to be obtained is or exceeds $300 but is less than $1,000;
(c) a third degree felony when the damage caused or the value of the money, property, or
benefit obtained or sought to be obtained is or exceeds $1,000 but is less than $5,000;
(d) a second degree felony when the damage caused or the value of the money, property,
or benefit obtained or sought to be obtained is or exceeds $5,000; [
(e) a third degree felony when:
(i) the property or benefit obtained or sought to be obtained is a license or entitlement;
(ii) the damage is to the license or entitlement of another person; or
(iii) the information obtained is confidential; or
(iv) in gaining access the person breaches or breaks through a security system.
knowingly and without authorization gains or attempts to gain access to a computer, computer
network, computer property, or computer system under circumstances not otherwise constituting
an offense under this section is guilty of a class B misdemeanor.
(b) Notwithstanding Subsection (2)(a), a retailer that uses an electronic product
identification or tracking system, or other technology to identify, track, or price goods is not
guilty of a violation of Subsection (2)(a) if the equipment designed to read the electronic product
identification or tracking system data and used by the retailer to identify, track, or price goods is
located within the retailer's location.
(3) A person who uses or knowingly allows another person to use any computer,
computer network, computer property, or computer system, program, or software to devise or
execute any artifice or scheme to defraud or to obtain money, property, services, or other things
of value by false pretenses, promises, or representations, is guilty of an offense based on the
value of the money, property, services, or things of value, in the degree set forth in Subsection
(4) A person who intentionally or knowingly and without authorization, interferes with
or interrupts computer services to another authorized to receive the services is guilty of a class A
(5) It is an affirmative defense to Subsections (1) and (2) that a person obtained access or
attempted to obtain access in response to, and for the purpose of protecting against or
investigating, a prior attempted or successful breach of security of a computer, computer
network, computer property, computer system whose security the person is authorized or entitled
to protect, and the access attempted or obtained was no greater than reasonably necessary for that
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