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H.B. 393

             1     

PUBLIC EDUCATION CLUB AMENDMENTS

             2     
2006 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Aaron Tilton

             5     
Senate Sponsor: ____________

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies the State System of Public Education Code's regulation of curricular
             10      and noncurricular clubs.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    provides definitions;
             14          .    modifies legislative findings;
             15          .    provides requirements and procedures for the authorization of curricular and
             16      noncurricular clubs;
             17          .    regulates the use of school buildings by authorized clubs;
             18          .    provides for faculty oversight of authorized clubs;
             19          .    provides requirements for club membership, including parental consent;
             20          .    requires the investigation of complaints, provides school options for violations, and
             21      establishes appeals procedures;
             22          .    allows additional rulemaking by the State Board of Education and provides
             23      additional rulemaking authority for local school governing boards;
             24          .    provides severability; and
             25          .    makes technical corrections.
             26      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             27          None


             28      Other Special Clauses:
             29          None
             30      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             31      ENACTS:
             32          53A-11-1201, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             33          53A-11-1202, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             34          53A-11-1203, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             35          53A-11-1204, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             36          53A-11-1205, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             37          53A-11-1206, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             38          53A-11-1207, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             39          53A-11-1208, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             40          53A-11-1209, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             41          53A-11-1210, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             42          53A-11-1211, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             43          53A-11-1212, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             44          53A-11-1213, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             45          53A-11-1214, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             46      REPEALS:
             47          53A-3-419, as enacted by Chapter 10, Laws of Utah 1996, Second Special Session
             48     
             49      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             50          Section 1. Section 53A-11-1201 is enacted to read:
             51     
Part 12. Student Clubs Act

             52          53A-11-1201. Title.
             53          This part is known as the "Student Clubs Act."
             54          Section 2. Section 53A-11-1202 is enacted to read:
             55          53A-11-1202. Findings and purpose.
             56          (1) The Legislature finds that certain activities, programs, and conduct are detrimental
             57      to the:
             58          (a) physical, emotional, psychological, and moral well-being of students and faculty;


             59          (b) maintenance of order and discipline on school premises;
             60          (c) orderly conduct of a school's educational activities;
             61          (d) protection of the rights of parents or guardians and students;
             62          (e) maintenance of the boundaries of socially appropriate behavior; and
             63          (f) compliance with all applicable laws, rules, regulations, and policies.
             64          (2) The purpose of this part is to provide guidance to local school boards, charter
             65      school boards, and schools as they have the authority and responsibility to limit or deny
             66      authorization or school building use to any student club whose program or activities would
             67      materially and substantially:
             68          (a) encourage criminal or delinquent conduct;
             69          (b) promote bigotry;
             70          (c) involve human sexuality; or
             71          (d) otherwise violate the provisions of this part.
             72          Section 3. Section 53A-11-1203 is enacted to read:
             73          53A-11-1203. Definitions.
             74          As used in this part:
             75          (1) "Bigotry" means action or advocacy of imminent action involving:
             76          (a) the harassment or denigration of persons or entities, including harassment or
             77      denigration based upon race, religion, national origin, gender, disability, or sexual orientation;
             78      or
             79          (b) any intent to cause a person not to freely enjoy or exercise any right secured by the
             80      constitution or laws of the United States or the state, except that an evaluation or prohibition
             81      may not be made of the truth or falsity of any religious belief or expression of conscience
             82      unless the means of expression or conduct arising therefrom violates the standards of conduct
             83      outlined in this section, Section 53A-13-101.3 , or 20 U.S.C. Section 4071(f).
             84          (2) "Club" means any student organization that meets during noninstructional time.
             85          (3) "Conscience" means a standard based upon learned experiences, a personal
             86      philosophy or system of belief, religious teachings or doctrine, an absolute or external sense of
             87      right and wrong which is felt on an individual basis, a belief in an external absolute, or any
             88      combination of the foregoing.
             89          (4) "Curricular club" means a club that is school sponsored and that may receive


             90      leadership, direction, and support from the school or school district beyond providing a
             91      meeting place during noninstructional time. An elementary school curricular club means a club
             92      that is organized and directed by school sponsors at the elementary school. A secondary school
             93      curricular club means a club:
             94          (a) whose subject matter is taught or will soon be taught in a regular course;
             95          (b) whose subject matter concerns the body of courses as a whole;
             96          (c) in which participation is required for a particular course; or
             97          (d) in which participation results in academic credit.
             98          (5) (a) "Discretionary time" means school-related time for students that is not
             99      instructional time.
             100          (b) "Discretionary time" includes free time before and after school, during lunch and
             101      between classes or on buses, and private time before athletic and other events or activities.
             102          (6) (a) "Encourage criminal or delinquent conduct" means action or advocacy of
             103      imminent action that violates any law or administrative rule.
             104          (b) "Encourage criminal or delinquent conduct" does not include discussions in
             105      compliance with concerning changing of laws or rules, or actions taken through lawfully
             106      established channels to effectuate such change.
             107          (7) (a) "Instructional time" means time during which a school is responsible for a
             108      student and the student is required or expected to be actively engaged in a learning activity.
             109          (b) "Instructional time" includes instructional activities in the classroom or study hall
             110      during regularly scheduled hours, required activities outside the classroom, and counseling,
             111      private conferences, or tutoring provided by school employees or volunteers acting in their
             112      official capacities during or outside of regular school hours.
             113          (8) "Involve human sexuality" means:
             114          (a) presenting information in violation of laws governing sex education;
             115          (b) promoting or encouraging self-labeling by students in terms of sexual orientation;
             116          (c) disclosing attitudes or personal conduct of students or members of their families
             117      regarding sexual orientation, attitudes, or belief;
             118          (d) advocating, approving, or engaging in sexual activity outside of marriage; or
             119          (e) presenting or discussing information relating to the use of contraceptive devices or
             120      substances, regardless of whether the use is for purposes of contraception or personal health.


             121          (9) "Limited open forum" means a forum created by a district for student expression
             122      within the constraints of Subsection 53A-13-101.3 (2)(b) and within the terms defined in 20
             123      U.S.C. Section 4071(b), including allowing curricular and noncurricular clubs in accordance
             124      with the provisions of this part.
             125          (10) "Noncurricular club" is a student initiated group that may be authorized and
             126      allowed school building use during noninstructional time in secondary schools by a school and
             127      school governing board in accordance with the provisions of this part. A noncurricular club's
             128      meetings, ideas, and activities are not sponsored or endorsed in any way by a school governing
             129      board, the school, or by school or school district employees.
             130          (11) "Noninstructional time" means time set aside by a school before instructional time
             131      begins or after instructional time ends, including discretionary time.
             132          (12) "School" means a public school, including a charter school.
             133          (13) "School building use" means access to a school facility or premises, including
             134      access to a limited open forum.
             135          (14) "School governing board" means a local school board or charter school board.
             136          Section 4. Section 53A-11-1204 is enacted to read:
             137          53A-11-1204. Student clubs -- Limited open forum -- Authorization.
             138          (1) (a) A school may establish and maintain a limited open forum for student clubs
             139      pursuant to the provisions of this part, State Board of Education rules, and school governing
             140      board policies.
             141          (b) Notwithstanding the provisions under Subsection (1)(a), a school retains the right to
             142      create a closed forum at any time by allowing curricular clubs only.
             143          (2) (a) A school shall review applications for authorization of clubs on a case-by-case
             144      basis.
             145          (b) Before granting an authorization, the school shall find:
             146          (i) that the proposed club meets this part's respective requirements of a curricular club
             147      or a noncurricular club; and
             148          (ii) that the proposed club's purpose and activities comply with this part.
             149          (c) Before granting an authorization, a school may request additional information from
             150      the faculty sponsor, from students proposing the club, or from its school governing board, if
             151      desired.


             152          (3) A school shall grant authorization and school building use to curricular and
             153      noncurricular clubs whose applications are found to meet the requirements of this part, rules of
             154      the State Board of Education, and policies of the school governing board and shall limit or
             155      deny authorization or school building use to proposed clubs that do not meet the requirements
             156      of this part, rules of the State Board of Education, and policies of the school governing board.
             157          Section 5. Section 53A-11-1205 is enacted to read:
             158          53A-11-1205. Curricular clubs -- Authorization.
             159          (1) Faculty members or students proposing a curricular club shall submit written
             160      application for authorization on a form approved by the school governing board no later than
             161      October 15 of the year of the club's inception.
             162          (2) A school governing board may exempt a club whose membership is determined by
             163      student body election or a club that is governed by an association that regulates interscholastic
             164      activities from the authorization requirements under this section.
             165          (3) An application for authorization of a curricular club shall include:
             166          (a) the recommended club name;
             167          (b) a statement of the club's purpose, goals, and activities;
             168          (c) the recommended meeting times, dates, and places; and
             169          (d) the proposed club charter, constitution, or bylaws which shall include at least:
             170          (i) the rules of organization;
             171          (ii) the election of officers;
             172          (iii) objective membership criteria;
             173          (iv) meeting rules of order;
             174          (v) procedures for amending the rules; and
             175          (vi) a statement that the club will comply with the provisions of this part and all other
             176      applicable laws, rules, or policies.
             177          (4) A school shall approve the name of a curricular club consistent with the club's
             178      purposes and its school sponsorship.
             179          (5) (a) A school shall determine curriculum relatedness by strictly applying this part's
             180      definition of curricular club to the club application.
             181          (b) If the school finds that the proposed club is a curricular club, the school shall
             182      continue to review the application as an application for authorization of a curricular club.


             183          (c) If the school finds that the proposed club is a noncurricular club, the school may:
             184          (i) return the application to the faculty member or students proposing the club for
             185      amendment; or
             186          (ii) review the application as an application for authorization of a noncurricular club.
             187          (6) (a) Only curricular clubs may be authorized for elementary schools.
             188          (b) A school governing body may limit, or permit a secondary school to limit, the
             189      authorization of clubs at the secondary school to only curricular clubs.
             190          Section 6. Section 53A-11-1206 is enacted to read:
             191          53A-11-1206. Noncurricular clubs -- Annual authorization.
             192          (1) A school governing board may establish a minimum number of members for
             193      noncurricular clubs, provided that all noncurricular clubs shall be treated equally.
             194          (2) Students proposing a noncurricular club shall submit a written application for
             195      authorization on a form approved by the school governing board no later than October 15 of
             196      each year.
             197          (3) An application for authorization of a curricular club shall include:
             198          (a) the recommended club name;
             199          (b) a statement of the club's purpose, goals, and activities;
             200          (c) the recommended meeting times, dates, and places; and
             201          (d) the proposed club charter, constitution, or bylaws, which shall include at least:
             202          (i) the rules of organization;
             203          (ii) the election of officers;
             204          (iii) objective membership criteria;
             205          (iv) meeting rules of order;
             206          (v) procedures for amending the rules; and
             207          (vi) a statement that the club will comply with the provisions of this part and all other
             208      applicable laws, rules, or policies.
             209          (4) (a) A school governing board may provide for approval of a noncurricular club
             210      name in an action separate from that relating to authorization of the club itself.
             211          (b) A school governing board may require:
             212          (i) that a noncurricular club name shall reasonably reflect the club's purpose, goals, and
             213      activities; and


             214          (ii) that the noncurricular club name shall be a name that would not result in or imply a
             215      violation of this part.
             216          Section 7. Section 53A-11-1207 is enacted to read:
             217          53A-11-1207. Clubs -- Limitations and denials.
             218          (1) A school shall limit or deny authorization or school building use to a club or
             219      require changes prior to granting authorization or school building use:
             220          (a) as the school determines it to be necessary to:
             221          (i) protect the physical, emotional, psychological, or moral well-being of students and
             222      faculty;
             223          (ii) maintain order and discipline on school premises;
             224          (iii) prevent a material and substantial interference with the orderly conduct of a
             225      school's educational activities;
             226          (iv) protect the rights of parents or guardians and students;
             227          (v) maintain the boundaries of socially appropriate behavior; or
             228          (vi) ensure compliance with all applicable laws, rules, regulations, and policies; or
             229          (b) whose proposed charter and proposed activities indicate students or advisors in club
             230      related activities would as a substantial, material, or significant part of their conduct or means
             231      of expression:
             232          (i) encourage criminal or delinquent conduct;
             233          (ii) promote bigotry;
             234          (iii) involve human sexuality; or
             235          (iv) involve any effort to engage in or conduct mental health therapy, counseling, or
             236      psychological services for which a license would be required under state law.
             237          (2) A school governing board has the authority to determine whether any club meets
             238      the criteria of Subsection (1).
             239          (3) A student's spontaneous expression of sentiments or opinions otherwise identified
             240      in Subsection 53A-13-302 (1) is not prohibited.
             241          Section 8. Section 53A-11-1208 is enacted to read:
             242          53A-11-1208. Faculty oversight of authorized clubs.
             243          (1) A school shall make faculty assignments for each authorized curricular and
             244      noncurricular club to provide oversight consistent with this part and the needs of the school to


             245      ensure that the speech, methods of expression, religious practices, or other conduct of the
             246      students or advisors involved do not:
             247          (a) unreasonably interfere with the ability of school officials to maintain order and
             248      discipline;
             249          (b) unreasonably endanger or threaten the well-being of persons or property;
             250          (c) violate concepts of civility or propriety appropriate to a school setting; or
             251          (d) have as an intended effect the revealing of information identified in Subsection
             252      53A-13-302 (1).
             253          (2) (a) A school shall annually assign faculty members as sponsors of curricular clubs.
             254          (b) Faculty sponsors shall organize and direct the purpose and activities of a curricular
             255      club.
             256          (3) A school shall determine whether a noncurricular club is a religious club.
             257          (4) (a) A school shall assign faculty members to serve as supervisors for noncurricular,
             258      nonreligious clubs.
             259          (b) A faculty supervisor shall provide oversight to ensure compliance with the
             260      approved club charter, constitution, or bylaws and with the provisions of this part and other
             261      applicable laws, rules, and policies.
             262          (c) The assignment of a faculty supervisor does not constitute school sponsorship of
             263      the club.
             264          (5) (a) A school shall assign faculty members to serve as monitors for religious clubs.
             265          (b) A faculty monitor shall provide oversight to ensure compliance with the approved
             266      club charter, constitution, or bylaws, and with the provisions of this part and other applicable
             267      laws, rules, and policies.
             268          (c) The assignment of a faculty monitor does not constitute school sponsorship of the
             269      club.
             270          (d) A faculty monitor or other school employee may not participate in religious clubs in
             271      any other capacity.
             272          (e) A faculty member or other school employee may not be required to attend any
             273      religious club meeting if the content of the speech at the meeting is contrary to the beliefs of
             274      the employee.
             275          Section 9. Section 53A-11-1209 is enacted to read:


             276          53A-11-1209. Use of school facilities by clubs.
             277          (1) A school shall determine and assign school building use for curricular and
             278      noncurricular clubs consistent with the needs of the school.
             279          (2) The following rules apply to curricular clubs:
             280          (a) in assigning school building use, the administrator may give priority to curricular
             281      clubs over noncurricular clubs; and
             282          (b) the school may provide financial or other support to curricular clubs.
             283          (3) The following rules apply to noncurricular clubs:
             284          (a) a preference or priority may not be given among noncurricular clubs;
             285          (b) (i) a school shall only provide the space for noncurricular club meetings; and
             286          (ii) a school may not spend public funds for noncurricular clubs;
             287          (c) a school shall establish the noninstructional times during which noncurricular clubs
             288      may meet;
             289          (d) a school may establish the places that noncurricular clubs may meet; and
             290          (e) a school may set the number of hours noncurricular clubs may meet per month,
             291      provided that all noncurricular clubs shall be treated equally.
             292          Section 10. Section 53A-11-1210 is enacted to read:
             293          53A-11-1210. Club membership -- Parental consent.
             294          (1) A school shall require written parental or guardian consent for student participation
             295      in all curricular and noncurricular clubs at the school.
             296          (2) Membership in curricular clubs is governed by the following rules:
             297          (a) student membership in a curricular club is voluntary;
             298          (b) (i) membership may be limited to students who are currently attending the
             299      sponsoring school or school district; and
             300          (ii) members who attend a school other than the sponsoring school shall have, in
             301      addition to the consent required under Subsection (1), specific parental or guardian permission
             302      for membership in a curricular club at another school;
             303          (c) (i) clubs may require that prospective members try out based on objective criteria
             304      outlined in the application materials; and
             305          (ii) try-outs may not require activities that violate the provisions of this part and other
             306      applicable laws, rules, and policies;


             307          (d) membership may not be limited on the basis of race, gender, ethnicity, national
             308      origin, or disability; and
             309          (e) other rules as determined by the State Board of Education, school district, or
             310      school.
             311          (3) Membership in noncurricular clubs is governed by the following rules:
             312          (a) student membership in a noncurricular club is voluntary;
             313          (b) membership shall be limited to students who are currently attending the school;
             314          (c) (i) clubs may require that prospective members try out based on objective criteria
             315      outlined in the application materials; and
             316          (ii) try-outs may not require activities that violate the provisions of this part and other
             317      applicable laws, rules, and policies;
             318          (d) membership may not be limited on the basis of race, gender, ethnicity, national
             319      origin, or disability;
             320          (e) (i) attendance or participation in club meetings or activities is limited to members,
             321      except that nonschool persons may attend on occasion to make presentations if approved in
             322      advance by the school; and
             323          (ii) nonschool persons may not direct, conduct, control, or regularly attend meetings or
             324      activities of clubs; and
             325          (f) other rules as determined by the State Board of Education, school district, or school.
             326          Section 11. Section 53A-11-1211 is enacted to read:
             327          53A-11-1211. Violations -- Investigations -- School responses.
             328          (1) A school shall investigate any report or allegation that an authorized curricular or
             329      noncurricular club is:
             330          (a) participating in activities beyond the scope of its charter, constitution, or bylaws; or
             331          (b) in violation of a provision of this part or another applicable law, rule, regulation, or
             332      policy.
             333          (2) After meeting with the faculty sponsor, faculty supervisor, or faculty monitor and
             334      the students involved, the school may do any of the following:
             335          (a) allow the club's original charter, constitution, or bylaws to be modified to include
             336      the activities if they are in compliance with the provisions of this part and other applicable
             337      laws, rules, regulations, or policies;


             338          (b) instruct the sponsor, supervisor, or monitor not to allow similar violations in the
             339      future;
             340          (c) limit or suspend the club's authorization or school building use pending further
             341      corrective action as determined by the school; or
             342          (d) terminate the club's authorization and dissolve the club.
             343          (3) Any limitation on expression, practice, or conduct of any student, advisor, or guest
             344      in a meeting of a curricular or noncurricular club, or limitation on school building use, shall be
             345      by the least restrictive means necessary to satisfy the school's interests as identified in this part.
             346          (4) A club that has been terminated in accordance with Subsection (2)(d) may not
             347      reapply for authorization until the following school year.
             348          Section 12. Section 53A-11-1212 is enacted to read:
             349          53A-11-1212. Appeals -- Procedures.
             350          (1) A student directly affected by a decision made in accordance with the provisions of
             351      this part may appeal the decision by writing to a person designated by the school governing
             352      board.
             353          (2) (a) Each completed application or complaint shall be approved, denied, or
             354      investigated within five school days.
             355          (b) If an application or complaint is denied, written reasons for the denial or results of
             356      the investigation shall be stated and, if appropriate, suggested corrections shall be made to
             357      remedy the deficiency.
             358          (3) Each student who is denied participation in a club or school building use shall be
             359      informed at the time of the denial of the factual or legal basis for the denial, and, if appropriate,
             360      how the basis for the denial could be corrected.
             361          (4) (a) If denied, suspended, or terminated, a club, student desirous of participating or
             362      speaking, or a complaining parent or guardian, has ten school days from the date of the action
             363      to file a written appeal from the denial, suspension, or termination to a designee authorized by
             364      the school governing board.
             365          (b) The designee shall issue a determination within five school days from receipt of the
             366      appeal, which decision is final and constitutes satisfaction of all administrative remedies unless
             367      the time for evaluation is extended by agreement of all parties.
             368          Section 13. Section 53A-11-1213 is enacted to read:


             369          53A-11-1213. Rulemaking -- State Board of Education -- School governing
             370      boards.
             371          The State Board of Education may adopt additional rules and school governing boards
             372      may adopt additional rules or policies governing clubs that do not conflict with the provisions
             373      of this part.
             374          Section 14. Section 53A-11-1214 is enacted to read:
             375          53A-11-1214. Severability.
             376          If any provision of this part or the application of any provision to any person or
             377      circumstance, is held invalid, the remainder of this part shall be given effect without the invalid
             378      provision or application.
             379          Section 15. Repealer.
             380          This bill repeals:
             381          Section 53A-3-419, Limitations regarding access for student clubs and
             382      organizations.




Legislative Review Note
    as of 2-3-06 8:07 AM


Based on a limited legal review, this legislation has not been determined to have a high
probability of being held unconstitutional.

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


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